Sunday, July 23, 2017

Robert and Lucinda L. Kirkman

Robert Kirkman was born about 1804 in Randolph County, North Carolina. I believe I know who his parents are, but I am still working on getting more solid evidence.

He married Lucinda Lane on 12 May 1830 in Randolph County, North Carolina. Together, they had at least eight children:
  • Mary Kirkman, born about 1836
  • Rebecca Kirkman, born about 1836
  • Tabitha Kirkman, born about 1838
  • Nancy Kirkman, born about 1840
  • Isabel C Kirkman, born 21 April 1844
  • John W Kirkman, born about 1847
  • William Alfred Kirkman, born 18 November 1850
  • James Monroe Kirkman, born 17 August 1855
Robert was a farmer, as most of the people in Randolph County were. One thing I found interesting when looking at his census records was the value of his real estate. For most people, real estate values rise over the years even with the divisions amongst sons, except of course for the years immediately after the Civil War.

In Robert's case, however, he went from $1216 in real estate in 1850 to $1200 in 1860. Personal estate values were not recorded until 1860 though, and his personal estate was listed at $3700. In 1870, after the Civil War, Robert's real estate stands still at $1200. Only his personal estate was affected it seems having dropped from $3700 to $800 in 1870.
Clipping from 1870 census of Robert Kirkman's household
Robert's ability to maintain his real estate values post-War is not the only thing fairly unique about him. Randolph County, being comprised mostly of poor farmers with no standing or position, was not a place where slavery was common. Robert is listed in the 1840 census as having a male and a female slave both aged 10-23. His neighbor in 1840 (and his suspected father) Thomas Kirkman has the most in the area at 12. 
Clippings from 1840 census of Robert and Thomas Kirkman's slaves
As anyone who has researched slave ancestors knows, it is difficult to place names to the tick marks in census records or to the genders and ages listed in slave schedules, but it is something I strive to do whenever I find families that had slaves. More investigation will be required to find out who these men and women may be and how long the family kept slaves, but it is an investigation I think worth undertaking. Hopefully I can post my findings in a future post.

Robert and Lucinda are supposedly buried at Bethany United Methodist Church Cemetery in Franklinville, Randolph County, North Carolina. I have not yet found proof of the date of Robert's death, but his Find-A-Grave page lists his date of death as 5 May 1882. There is no photo shown to corroborate this date, and I have taken photos myself at the cemetery a couple of times, but I have no photo of their tombstones in my personal collection either. Either their graves are unmarked or I somehow missed them the last time I was there. Until someone posts one or until I can make it back to the cemetery myself, the search for a tombstone continues.

  • 1840 Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1850 Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1860 Sandy Creek, Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1870 Liberty, Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1880 Liberty, Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Find-A-Grave memorial #149695684
  • North Carolina Death Certificate, Isabel C Kivett (accessed on Ancestry)
  • North Carolina Death Certificate, James Monroe Kirkman (accessed on Ancestry)
  • North Carolina Death Certificate, William Alfred Kirkman (accessed on Ancestry)
  • North Carolina County Marriage Registers, Randolph County (accessed on Ancestry)

Saturday, June 24, 2017

Samuel Franklin Pugh

I'm back! The school year is over, and I've finally had a chance to get back to work on genealogy. Regular posts will be added again once a week.

We start back with Samuel Franklin Pugh.

Samuel Franklin Pugh was born 19 August 1843 in Randolph County, North Carolina. He was the second of at least nine children born to Jesse Arlendo Pugh and Catherine Keziah Lineberry.

Samuel Franklin Pugh married Martha Elizabeth Smith on 18 April 1866 in Davidson County, North Carolina. She was the oldest child of John Benjamine Smith and Christina Charlotte Walk. Together, they had at least the following children:
  • Jesse Arlendo Pugh, born 10 May 1867
  • Loucina Christina Pugh, born 31 October 1868
  • Theodore Franklin Pugh, born 10 February 1870
  • Utensia Bell Pugh, born 25 April 1872
  • Cora A Pugh, born 11 June 1875
  • Samuel Amick Pugh, born 25 July 1876
  • John Wesley Pugh, born 29 March 1879
  • Albert Clarkson Pugh, born 16 January 1881
  • Jane Estelle Pugh, born 18 September 1884
  • Robert K Pugh, born 8 September 1886
Samuel got married the year after the U.S. Civil War. Samuel served in the Confederate Army in the Cavalry. I'll save the details of his service for another post, but I'm curious if Martha and Samuel were sweethearts before the War or if they met after it had ended. I believe Martha and Samuel were cousins since Martha's grandmother was a Lineberry (like Samuel's mother), but I haven't pinpointed the exact relationship yet.

Martha died on 15 September 1921. Samuel later remarried to Sarah E. Julian. She was born 30 January 1853 in North Carolina to John Julian and Elizabeth Love. As far as I can tell, they had no children together.

As far as I can tell, Sarah had no children to any of her three husbands. She first married on 23 November 1902 to Thomas Franklin Millikan, who was born 9 September 1846 and died 17 January 1924. If Sarah married Samuel after the death of her first husband, that means they must have married between Thomas' death in January 1924 and Samuel's death on 25 April 1925. That's a relatively short marriage. I wondered what could have caused Samuel to die so shortly after his marriage to Sarah. According to his death certificate, he died of heart dropsy.
Taken from Death Certificate, Samuel Franklin Pugh
Dropsy is what they used to call swelling of the soft tissue due to excess water. Now, we often call this edema. More than likely, since it was specified as "heart dropsy," this was the result of congestive heart failure.

After Samuel died, Sarah married Jeremiah Osburn. She remained married to him until the day she died (24 March 1929).

Samuel and Martha are buried in Grays Chapel United Methodist Church Cemetery in Franklinville, North Carolina. Sarah is buried in Bethany United Methodist Church Cemetery, also in Franklinville, North Carolina.

  • 1850 Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1860 New Salem, Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1870 Sandy Creek, New Salem, Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1880 New Salem, Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1900 Providence, Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1910 Providence, Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1920 Providence, Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • North Carolina Marriage Index (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Death Certificate, Samuel Franklin Pugh (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Death Certificate, Martha Elizabeth Pugh (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Death Certificate, Sarah Julian Osburn (accessed on Ancestry)

Sunday, March 13, 2016

Greenberry Bobbitt

The following is a repost of my Civil War Souls post.

Greenberry Bobbitt was born 1 May 1845 in Grayson County, Virginia to Charles Bobbitt and Sarah DeFries.

Greenberry Bobbitt enlisted in the 45th Virginia Infantry, Company E on 3 April 1862 at "C. Narrows" in Giles County, Virginia with Lieutenant Colonel Peters for the duration of the War.
Taken from Service Records
On 20 April 1862, he is listed as receiving $50 bounty pay. Further investigation would be required to figure out why he was being paid a bounty.
Taken from Service Records
After the bounty pay, I lose Greenberry for two years in the War. I do know, however, that Greenberry got married in that timespan. He married Nancy Jane Bryant in Surry County, North Carolina on 19 October 1862.

Perhaps he feared he wouldn't return home. Perhaps he had to show her what she meant to him. Or perhaps he was simply home waiting for orders during this time I can't find him in the muster rolls. Whatever the circumstances, they seem to have married before the War, but they didn't start their family until later.

The next time I see him back with the Company is when he appears on a muster on 1 April 1864. Then, just a few months later, on 5 June 1864, he is captured at Piedmont, Virginia.
Taken from Service Records
He is shown as a POW at Staunton, Virginia by 8 June 1864. Within just a few weeks though, he appears at Camp Morton in Indianapolis, Indiana. He seems to remain at Camp Morton until he is sent to City Point, Virginia on 4 March 1865 for a prisoner exchange. It is noted that his route to City Point was to go through Baltimore, Maryland.

I assume he made it home shortly after the prisoner exchange because Nancy had their first child about a year later.

Together, they had at least the following children:
  • Amanda Bobbitt, born about 1866
  • Emaline Bobbitt, born about 1869
  • Martin Van Buren Bobbitt, born about 1871
  • Charles Bobbitt, born about 1873
  • Andy Bobbitt, born about 1875
  • Rosabel Bobbitt, born about 1879
  • Sarah A. Bobbitt, born January 1883
  • William M. Bobbitt, born May 1884
  • Norman Hale Bobbitt, born 8 March 1889
  • Payton Bobbitt, born about April 1889
  • Peter Bobbitt, born about 1891
By the 1910 census that Nancy lists two of her 11 children had died by 1910.
Clipping from 1910 Fancy Gap, VA Census
Greenberry later married Betty Jane Moore. Together, they had at least two children:
  • Maggie Jean Bobbitt, born 29 June 1919
  • John Green Bobbitt, born 25 June 1924
Greenberry died 31 May 1931 in Carroll County, Virginia. He is buried at Flincham Cemetery, Lambsburg, Carroll County, Virginia. Betty Jane died 28 September 1965. She is buried at Chestnut Grove Church Cemetery, Lambsburg, Carroll County, Virginia.

  • 1850 Grayson County, Virginia U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1860 Wolfe Glade, Carroll County, Virginia U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1870 Fancy Gap, Carroll County, Virginia U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1880 Fancy Gap, Carroll County, Virginia U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1900 Fancy Gap, Carroll County, Virginia U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1910 Fancy Gap, Carroll County, Virginia U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1920 Fancy Gap, Carroll County, Virginia U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1930 Fancy Gap, Carroll County, Virginia U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Death Certificate, Betty Jean Bobbitt (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Death Certificate, Green Bobbitt (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Death Certificate, Norman Bobbitt (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Surry County Marriage Records, Grenbery Bobit and Nancy J. Brint (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Virginia (accessed on Fold3)
  • WWII Draft Card, John Green Bobbitt (accessed on Ancestry)

Sunday, February 7, 2016

Playing Around with MooseRoots

So, I've still been busy with teaching (and grading), so I haven't had a chance to sit down and type up any posts, but Rootstech was this weekend, and I have been watching some of the archived and livestream videos on their site. In that, I came across a relatively new site called MooseRoots. They have several visualizations on their site in addition to timeline information and indexed records. Here is one visualization I enjoyed about the geographic distribution of the Lineberry surname across America. Enjoy!

Sunday, November 8, 2015

Life has been a little crazy!

I haven't forgotten about you! I know it's been a little over a month since I last posted, but I started a new job the week after my last post, so things have been a little hectic. I will return soon though with more family stories and research. (In fact, I've found a couple of yearbooks on Ancestry that pertain to Randolph County and my husband's family.)

In the meantime, I will leave you with this photo of my father-in-law which I found in one of the aforementioned yearbooks.
James Larry Jenkins, 1964

  • 1965 Gray's Chapel High School Yearbook (accessed on Ancestry)

Sunday, October 4, 2015

Grady and Winnie L. Wheat

Grady Wheat was born on 6 August 1901 in Tennessee. He was one of at least six children born to Isaac Leroy Wheat and Essie White.

Grady married Winnie Ethel Lineberry in about 1925. She was born 22 February 1904 in Tennessee. She was the seventh of 11 children born to Henry Allen Lineberry and Florence Levona Evans. Together, they had at least the following children:
  • Wilma R. Wheat
  • Reba/Nina L. Wheat
  • Roberta Wheat
  • Douglas E. Wheat
  • Vera D. Wheat
  • Johnny Wheat
They seemed to live in Perry County, Tennessee for their entire lives. They often showed up a few houses down from siblings and cousins.
Clipping from the 1930 Perry County, TN Census
Clipping from the 1940 Perry County, TN Census
Grady died 11 March 1978. Winnie died about a year later in July 1979. They are both buried in Howell Cemetery in Perry County, Tennessee. The following obituary was found on Find-A-Grave for Grady.
Grady's Obituary
So far, I don't have any children for any of his children, so I don't know the names of the 12 grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren he had at the time of his death. If you descend from this family or know the names of any of his grandchildren, send me a message, and I'd love to add them to the family tree.

  • Obituary placed in Buffalo River Review on 16 March 1978, Grady Wheat (as posted by Janice Duncan on Find-A-Grave)
  • 1910 Perry County, Tennessee U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1920 Perry County, Tennessee U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1930 Perry County, Tennessee U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1940 Perry County, Tennessee U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)

Saturday, September 26, 2015

Peter King

Today's family will feature one of my pseudo-roadblocks in my husband's family. I think I know each spouse and their parents' names, but I have no proof of them. To help sort this family out a little bit, I will try to only focus on the information I can back up with sources. Peter King was born about 1808 in North Carolina.

The 1840 census shows Peter living in West Pee Dee River, Montgomery County, North Carolina.
Clipping from 1840 census
In the household are:
  • Male, under age 5
  • Female, under age 5
  • Female, age 5-10
  • Male, age 20-30 (assume this to be Peter)
  • Female, 20-30 (assume this to be Peter's wife)
The 1850 census shows Peter living in Montgomery County, North Carolina. A wife is not present in the household, but the following children are:
  • Ann E. King, born about 1834 (assume this to be the female 5-10 in the 1840 census)
  • Allen King, born about 1837 (assume this to be the male under 5 in the 1840 census)
  • Dany King, born about 1840 (assume this to be the female under 5 in the 1840 census)
  • Emely King, born about 1845
  • Cummings King, born about 1847
  • Peter King, born about 1849
  • William King, born about 1849
I do not know if all of the children listed in this household are the natural children of Peter, but I assume they are. Some researchers suggest multiple spouses for Peter. I can only prove what I find in records, but more on that in a bit.

The 1860 census shows him living in Diffies, Montgomery County, North Carolina. Once again, his wife is not present, so I assume she probably died before the 1850 census. All of the same children are living in the house except for Ann, whom I assume has married by this point. Emely (listed as a female in 1850) is now Emsly (listed as male). So, since there are no new children in the household, it is possible that all of the children are, in fact, Peter's own.
Clipping from 1860 census
There is also a 41-year-old woman living with them in the 1860 census named Sally Manor. I do not know anything about her, but I hope to do some digging at some point to find out her relationship to the family. Perhaps she was there as a nanny (unlikely because they were farmers and didn't seem to be very wealthy), or perhaps she was a family member who was just visiting for a while.

The 1870 census shows another new person in the family. This time, it is 30-year-old woman listed in the place a spouse would appear. Her name is difficult to read, but I think it reads something like Ancis T. King. If this is right, then I believe this woman to be Ancez Coal.
Clipping from 1870 census
I have found a marriage certificate for Peter King and Ancez Coal dated 10 February 1866. This would fit with the lady in the 1870 census.
Marriage Licensus for Peter King and Ancez Coal
In addition to Peter's youngest boys, Peter and William (who are either twins or "Irish twins" since they always appear to be the same age or one year apart), there are also some new children in the house now. They are:
  • Lucy King, born about 1858
  • Martitia King, born about 1861
  • George King, born about 1867
  • Ella King, born about 1866
  • (illegible girl's name - maybe Lebsa), born about 1869
If these (last few) are the children of Peter and Ancez, this means Peter would have been about 61 when the last child was born!

The first two children in the household appear to have been born before Peter and Ancez were married. Children out of wedlock was not unheard of in these days, but the 1880 census could shed some more light on the situation.

I believe Peter to have died between the 1870 and 1880 census. I have found what appears to be his widow living in Randleman Mills, Randolph County, North Carolina in 1880. Notice the name differences:
Clipping from 1880 census
Ancez is now listed as "Sarah," the illegible girl's name appears as "Liddia V." and is listed older than George, Ella is now "Mary E." and appears younger than mentioned in the previous census, and finally, Lucy J. and Nancy "Martitia" appear with the last name Cole.

This leads me to believe that Ancez/Sarah was married before she married Peter. (I was able to find a marriage record for Willis Cole and Ancetis Craven dated 23 January 1857 in Randolph County, North Carolina. The 1860 census shows the couple with daughter Jane living in Asheboro, Randolph County, North Carolina, but Ancetis/Ancez/Sarah shows up as Margaret this time!)

So, all of this still does not show Peter's previous spouse(s) name(s) or the names of his parents. I have my speculations and my leads based on other family researchers' efforts, but I haven't found any proof to substantiate any of the claims made yet. Until then, this is what I know.

  • 1840 West Pee Dee River, Montgomery County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1850 Montgomery County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1860 Asheboro, Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1860 Diffies, Montgomery County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1870 Little River, Montgomery County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • 1880 Randleman Mills, Randolph County, North Carolina U.S. Federal Census (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Marriage License, Peter King and Ancez Coal (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Marriage License, Willis Cole and Ancetis Craven (accessed on Ancestry)

Sunday, September 20, 2015

Nellie Jane Jenkins

I had my State DAR Fall Forum this weekend, so I again didn't get a chance to prepare a post this weekend. I will instead leave you with the death certificate for my father-in-law's aunt, Nellie Jane Jenkins. He never knew of her until I found her tombstone in the local cemetery. I found her death certificate a few months later.
Death Certificate for the stillborn "infant of Mr. and Mrs. P. A. Jenkins"
I will also attach her tombstone, which is the only record that shows her name.
Copyright Brittany Jenkins, 2011
  • Death Certificate, Infant of Mr. and Mrs. P. A. Jenkins (accessed on Ancestry)
  • Tombstone, Nellie Jane Jenkins

Sunday, September 13, 2015

No Post This Week

I had my first DAR meeting as an officer this weekend, so I did not have a chance to prepare a post. Instead, I will leave you with a photo I took at Gettysburg during the 150th anniversary of the Battle.
Copyright, 2013
While I don't know if any men from Randolph County fought with this unit, Ramseur is the name of a town in Randolph County, so I was convinced there had to be a connection. Sure enough, Ramseur was named after Confederate General Stephen Dodson Ramseur. I hope to do a post on him in the future.

Saturday, September 5, 2015

Guilford Charge

While working on my Daughters of the American Revolution-themed Patriots Remembered blog last weekend, I found myself combing the North Carolina Colonial and State Records. I came across something that caught my eye and pertained to my husband's family. This specific excerpt discusses the founding of the German Reformed Churches in North Carolina.

The most exciting part of this document is that it is the only reference I have found that actually suggests the inhabitants of central North Carolina originally migrated from Pennsylvania. While I knew they were German and that a lot of Germans settled in Pennsylvania, I hadn't found satisfactory proof that that's where the people from Guilford and Randolph County came. I have seen a few other researchers suggest that they probably did, but they provided no sources to substantiate their claims. This does that.

The other exciting part of this document is the fact that it mentions several of my husband's family names. The one in particular I was happy to find was the Leinberger name. If I am correct, this name eventually evolved into Lineberry. As with the suggestions that the Germans in Randolph County came from Pennsylvania, I have seen unsourced references to this spelling for the Lineberry family. Until now, I assumed this spelling was just a theoretical possibility; one of the spelling variations the family researchers utilized but didn't actually find documented. This opens up a whole new realm of research avenues for this line of the tree.

The following is the related excerpt I found in the colonial records. Some of the names listed are names I do not recognize, but I hope to do a little extra digging now to see if I can unearth anything on these other names and lines.
It has been mentioned that the Reformed (German) Churches in North Carolina are, owing to their number, weakness and the paucity of ministers, divided into several pastoral charges, and of these we propose to gather what we can of their founders and history. 
The immigrants to this region—now making parts of Alamance, Guilford and Randolph counties—came in wagons by the emigrant route of those days from Philadelphia, through Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia, bringing their household furniture and farming tools, accompanied by young men coming to seek their fortunes in this new country. These came mostly from the counties of Berks, Lancaster and Schuylkill, and a few from Maryland, from 1745 to 1760, perhaps. This was then Orange and Rowan, and these German settlements were made on the waters of Haw River and its tributaries—Alamance, Reedy Fork, Beaver Creek, Stinking Quarter, Sandy Creek, etc. These were the Albrights, Clapps, Fausts, Holts, Sharps (Scherbs), Laws, Graves (Greff), Summers, Cobbs (Kaubs), Cobles, Swings (Schwenks), Cortners (Goertners), Ingolds, Browers, Keims, Staleys, Mays, Amicks (Emigs), Smiths, Stacks, Neases, Ingles, Leinbergers, Straders, Wyricks, Anthoneys, Scheaffers (Shepherds), Weitzells, Trollingers, Longs, Isleys, Shaffners, Foglemans, Sthars, Brauns, Reitzells, with others. 
Their first place of worship was in a log building near where Law's Church now stands, on the old road from Hillsborough to Salisbury, now in the South-east corner of Guilford County. It was a union Reformed and Lutheran Church. This union was brought to an end by the divergent sentiments growing out of the sentiments and feelings that culminated in the Regulation movement and the rebellion of the colonies. Rev. Samuel Suther, who had recently come from the County of Mecklenburg, an advanced patriot, was the Reformed pastor, and under his inspiring guidance the Albrights Goertners, Clapps, Fausts, the Scheaffers, Ingolds, Schwenks and Leinbergers, who were of Reformed stock, at once moved to a schoolhouse near where the Brick Church now stands, and, there undisturbed by factional differences, erected an altar where to serve God. Suther was pastor until the close of the war, and was the animating spirit of the community. Soon this small log house gave way to a larger and more comfortable place of worship, whose corner-stones a few years since could still be seen. In these years Ludwig Clapp and Christian Faust were Elders, and Ingold and Leinberger Deacons, and even in these dark years the church grew and was prosperous. Rev. Bithahn, of Lincoln, succeeded Suther after three years. His ministry was a short one, he dying suddenly on a Sabbath evening after preaching a long-remembered sermon. His grave is in the Brick Church cemetery unmarked, and to-day no one knows his resting-place. For twelve succeeding years this church was without a pastor. In this time the Rev. Andrew Loretz, with unflagging devotion, four times in the year made visits to the Guilford churches and ministered to their spiritual wants. In 1801 Rev. Henry Dieffenbach became pastor, and for six years had the oversight of this church. He was a student of Dr. John Brown, the apostle of the Reformed Church in Virginia. During this time Jacob Clapp (of Ludwig) and John Greff were Elders. There was now again an interval of fourteen years, during which time the visits of Rev. Loretz were again made annually until his lamented death. It is not to be supposed that these godly people were content with these infrequent ministrations. They were wont to meet in their place of worship on the Sabbath—had services of prayer and praise, when Jacob Clapp (of Ludwig) or the school-master, Scherer, read a selected sermon. In 1812 Captain Wm. Albright, an Elder of the church, a patriot captain of the war of the Revolution, was sent to attend the meeting of the Reformed Synod in Pennsylvania to secure the services of a pastor for the Clapp church, as it was yet called. The Rev. James R. Riley, a young minister, was deputed by the Synod to visit all the Reformed Churches of the South. In 1813 he made the visit on horseback, coming by the emigrant route, and spent several months among the Guilford churches. On October 16th was had a memorial communion, the largest, till then, ever held in the Clapp church. Fifty-seven were added to its membership. On this occasion the old log church, large as it was, could not hold the congregation, and it had become dilapidated and uncomfortable. In their joy and gratitude the congregation proposed to erect a new frame house of prayer, but at the suggestion of Mr. Riley it was determined that it should be of brick. From thence it was no longer the “Clapp” church, but the “Brick” church of the present day. So harmonious and liberal were the people, that no difficulty was experienced in raising the needed funds for the purpose. This was, perhaps in 1814, and in this church's palmiest days, when Captain Albright, John Clapp, Jacob Clapp, George Clapp, Barney Clapp, Col. D. Clapp, Daniel Faust and Daniel Albright were the leading spirits in the church. Still no permanent ministry could be had, owing to the paucity of preachers, and the churches were dependent on the casual visits of missionaries sent by Synod until 1821, when Rev. John Rudy became pastor of the associated churches in Orange, Guilford and Randolph. After a successful ministry of four years he returned to New York. In 1828, the Rev. J. H. Crawford, of Maryland, was elected his successor. His pastorate lasted twelve years. It was now that the pulpit service was heard in the English language. For the welfare of the church this was none too soon. In 1841, Rev. G. William Welker, the present pastor of the church, took charge of it. It is a large congregation, mostly composed of the descendants of those early German immigrants from Pennsylvania. In the grave-yard, hard by the church, rest in unmarked graves Tobias Clapp and Peter Goertner, who were in the Regulation battle; and there also sleep Capt William Albright and Barney Clapp and Matthew Schwenck, and others, who were soldiers in the War of the Regulation, and the passer-by who stops to read may find other humble graves of noble men, and that of George Goertner (Cortner), who was the civil leader of this community of Germans.